Criticism of Ling's theory

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2. Glynn, I.M. Sodium and potassium movements in nerve, muscle, and red cells. Int Rev Cytol 8: 449-481, 1959.

3. Mitchell, P. Structure and function in microorganisms. In: Structure and Function of Subcellular Components. Proc. 16th Biochem. Soc. Symp., London, 1957, London, New York: Cambridge University Press, 1959, p. 73-93.

4. Keynes, R.D. Discussion. In: Membrane Transport and Metabolism, edited by Kleinzeller A and Kotyk A, New York: Academic Press, 1961, p. 104.

5. Mitchell, P. Biological transport phenomena and the spatially anisotropic characteristics of enzyme systems causing a vector component of metabolism. In: Membrane Transport and Metabolism, edited by Kleinzeller A and Kotyk A, New York: Academic Press, 1961, p. 22-34.

6. Spanswick, R.M. Measurements of potassium ion activity in cytoplasm of Characeae as a test of sorption theory. Nature (London) 218(5139): 357, 1968.

7. Dick, D.A.T. and McLaughlin, S.G.A. The activities and concentrations of sodium and potassium in toad oocytes. J.Physiol. 205: 61-78, 1969.

8. Ling, G.N. Measurements of potassium ion activity in the cytoplasm of living cells. Nature (London) 221(5178): 386-387, 1969.

9. Cereijido, M. and Rotunno, C.A. The association-induction hypothesis. In: Introduction to the Study of Biological Membranes, New York, London, Paris: Gordon and Breach Science Publishers, 1970, p. 200-216.

10. Kotyk, A. and Janacek, K. Cell Membrane Transport. Principles and Techniques, New York, London: Plenum Press, 1970.

11. Edzes, H.T. and Berendsen, H.J.C. The physical state of diffusible ions in cells. Ann Rev Biophys Bioengin 4: 265-285, 1975.

12. McElhaney, R.N. Membrane lipid, not polarized water, is responsible for the semipermeable properties of living cells. Biophys.J. 15(8): 777-784, 1975.

13. Freedman, J.C. Partial restoration of sodium and potassium gradients by human erythrocyte membranes. Biochim.Biophys.Acta 455(3): 989-992, 1976.

14. Robinson, J.D. The sodium pump and its rivals: an example of conflict resolution in science. Perspect.Biol.Med. 25(3): 486-495, 1982.

15. Dick, D.A.T. Cells: Bags of water or blobs of jelly. Nature 311(5987): 682-683, 1984.

16. Post, R.L. Seeds of sodium, potassium ATPase. Annu.Rev.Physiol. 51: 1-15, 1989.